[Louis] Armstrong was arrested in his early teens for firing a cap pistol in celebration of the Fourth of July. That proved to be providential, because in the segregated boys' home to which he was sent he was taught to play the cornet by Professor Peter Davis.
Between 1935 and 1938, because of the influence of one man, five of America's best songwriters wrote 28 songs that collectively stand as a museum exhibit of the form. The writers were Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern, Dorothy Fields, George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin, and the man who elicited this body of work was Fred Astaire.
Easy to Remember: The Great American Songwriters and Their Songs
Godine, 2001, p103
From the four corners of the earth,
from corners lashed in wind
and bitten with rain and fire,
from places where the winds begin
and fogs are born with mist children,
tall men from tall rocky slopes came
and sleepy men from sleepy valleys,
their women tall, their women sleepy...
Carl Orff...scored a surprised hit in Nazi Germany with his cantata Carmina burana. With its exotic percussion writing (modeled on Stravinsky's Les Noces) and its syncopated "bounce," Orff's showpiece was far removed from Hitler's favorite Wagner operas. The review in the Völkischer Beobachter, the Nazi Party paper, identified it as "Bavarian Niggermusik." Once the work had demonstrated huge popular appeal, however, Nazi aesthetics were adjusted to accommodate it. By 1944 Goebbels was gushing in his diary that Carmina burana contained "extraordinary beauties."
Alex Ross The Rest Is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century
FSG, 2007, pp319-320